Shin splints are a common exercise-related problem. The term “shin splints” refers to pain along the inner edge of the shinbone (tibia). Shin splints typically develop after physical activity and are often associated with running. Any vigorous sports activity can bring on shin splints, particularly if you are just starting a fitness program. Simple measures can relieve the pain of shin splints – rest, ice, and stretching often help. Taking care not to overdo your exercise routine will help prevent and resolve shin splints, as well as addressing any biomechanical issues in your sporting technique. Description Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) involve inflammation of the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue around your tibia. Pain typically occurs along the inner border of the tibia, where muscles attach to the bone.